{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}


PSYCH NOTES! - What is language System of symbols Rules for...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
What is language? System of symbols Rules for combining symbols in ways that can produce infinite number of possible messages or meanings Thinking, reasoning and problem solving = involve use of language Critical Properties of Language Symbolism o Use of sounds, signs, gesture o Allows communicators to form and transfer mental representations Rule-governed structures o Dictate how symbols can combined to make meaningful units Generativity o Symbols can be combined to generate an infinite number of messages that can have novel meaning Displacement o Past, future, imaginary events and objects can be symbolically represented and communicated Surface Structure of Language Consists of ways symbols are used and order Syntax rules for such combinations Rules that govern how words are ordered Deep Structure of Language Underlying meaning of the combined symbols Semantics : the meaning of words and sentences Sam ate the cake. (follow a synthetic rule) The cake was eaten by Sam (following rule as well) Eaten by Sam the cake was. (might not make sense or follow the rule Phonemes Smallest units of sound recognized as separate in a given language 100 phonemes in human speech, every language is made up of basic units of sound ex: the k sound in ski and c in cat same sound Morphemes Smallest units of meaning in a language Consist of one syllable Combined into words If you have word “girl” you have one meaning and when you add the “s” and make it to “girls” then you will 2 morphemes and a different sound.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Discourse Most comprehensive level of language Sentences combined into paragraphs, articles, book, conversation The appropriate use of text in subject Language Acquisition Device o Biologically primed Innate mechanism in us to understand language o Contain general grammatical views common to all languages Children are born with this device and allows them to detect features and rules of language Broca’s Area o Speech production o Located in frontal lobe left hemisphere o Damage to Wernick;s Area o Speech comprehension Aphasia: damage to either area of causing disturbance to language Sensitive Period Infancy to puberty Time when the brain is most responsive to language development from environment Social Learning Processes Parents talk with children in high pitched intonations (motherese) Using simple phrases or words and will gain the attention of the child and maintain that connection Parents name objects and ask questions Biological basis of language acquisition and the idea that infants can master language early with ease, minimal destruction Types of communication: first couples of months it is cooing, crying from birth At 6mths we see babbling constant vowel formation At 12 mths and 1 year first words develop By the end of 2 nd year, we will see distinct vocabulary
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Spring '07
  • Hoffman
  • Intelligence quotient, mental age, chronological age, age Social Age, intelligence Mental Retardation, language Critical Properties

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 15

PSYCH NOTES! - What is language System of symbols Rules for...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online