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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13 I Physical Activity and the...

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Chapter 13: I. Physical Activity and the Individual: A. Physical Activity and Anxiety. 1. State anxiety- Benefits a) Begins with 5 minutes and last 2 hours regardless of exercise duration. b) Reduction results regardless of the intensity. 2. Trait Anxiety- Benefits a) Duration of ten weeks for meaningful reduction. b) Aerobic Exercise. *** Cattell: -Found a high correlation between poor physical condition and high anxiety. -Fit people tolerate stress better. B. Depression 1. Non clinical a) Physical activity is beneficial for those experiencing non clinical depression. 2. Clinical a) Physical activity is a useful antidote. >Duration of exercise ~The longer you are in the program, the greater the impact. >Mode (Type) ~All forms are beneficial (aerobic, weight training, walking). 1. Possible Explanations for Exercise Benefits a) Physiological Explanations ~Thermogenic Hypothesis aa) Temperature goes up, reduces anxiety levels. ~Monoamine Hypothesis ~Endorpomic Hypothesis aa)Exercise increases endorphins in the brain.
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