The Christian Tradition Note- 2nd Part of Quarter

The Christian Tradition Note- 2nd Part of Quarter - The...

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Today 33 The Christian Tradition Notes Part 2 of Quarter - Patristic Era (“fathers”) o Augustan of Hippo (died in 411) Meaning of “ Confession Profession of Praise and Thanksgiving o God worthy of praise (I:1) o Human desire to praise God (I:1) o Praise brings humans joy (I:1) Profession of faith o “My faith calls upon you…faith is your gift…” (I:1) Confession of Sin o “…no one is free from sin…” (I:7) What is his cognitive framework? Cognitive- bases of his thought process Foundational assumption o God is the primary Being All else is a chain of Being below God Everything else is secondary There is a human tendency to put beings out of order, upsetting the reality (Pride, curiosity and lust) o Babies are not innocent o Society and culture teaches pride and immorality Counter this tendency is praising God o Reminds us of right order
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Caught by three sins Pride o Put self before God (not just everyone else) Curiosity o Put material world of experience before God Lust o Put sensual pleasure before God o Neo-Platonic Structure of Augustine’s Confessions Plato stated that to be a human being is to be a spirit, but we are stuck in bodies All knowledge is in the real world (the world of the ideas) Begins with God, the Source of All, in Eternity Fall into Time and Memory Through Sin Return to God through Confession o Confessions , Book 1 “Our hearts are restless” (1, p. 14) We are made from God We find our happiness only through God Yet we turn from God We sin from infancy o Not “ innocens ” (11, p. 20) o Innocence- is without harm Claims that if children could do harm than they would Sin is social (25, p. 28) Schools teach immorality
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In response, praise and thanksgiving will lead you back to God o Confessions , Book 2 Adolescent Pride, Curiosity, Lust Pride Curiosity Lust Robs pear tree Pleasure from what is forbidden, malice from malice’s sake, social What biblical parallel? o The forbidden fruit (believed to be a pear) and Adam and Eve o Confessions , Book 3 Student Pride, Curiosity, Lust Sex and shows Cicero’s Hortentius : Why important? Changes his heart to become centered to finding the truth Quest for wisdom (7) Conversion to seek the truth (12, 15) Joins the Manichee’s: Why? (10) “Truth, Truth” - Scholasticism o Three major thinkers Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) Priority of faith over reason, but reason could clarify and affirm truths known by faith Theology = faith seeking understanding
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Ontological argument o Ontoge (όντας) means “being” in Greek A definition of God is necessary to understand him Begins with a thought process o God is “a being” greater than which nothing can be thought, thus he must exist Peter Abelard (1079-1142) Faith and reason affirm each other, on an equal footing Sic et Non : from doubt to inquiry to truth (it is so, it is no) Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
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