FlashcardsChapter03 - Term Culture Ethnocentrism...

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TermDescriptionCulturea set of beliefs, traditions, and practices; the sum total of social categories and concepts we embrace in addition to beliefs, behaviors (except instinctual ones), and practices; that which is not the natural environment around us.Ethnocentrismthe belief that one’s own culture or group is superior to others and the tendency to view all other cultures from the perspective of one’s own.Nonmaterial culturevalues, beliefs, behaviors, and social norms.Material cultureeverything that is a part of our constructed, physical environment, including technology.Ideologya system of concepts and relationships; an understanding of cause and effect.Cultural relativismtaking into account the differences across cultures without passing judgment or assigning value.Cultural scriptsmodes of behavior and understanding that are not universal or natural.Subculturethe distinct cultural values and behavioral patterns of a particular group in society; a group united by sets of concepts, values, symbols, and shared meaning specific to the members of that group and distinctive enough to distinguish it from others within the same culture or society.

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Term
Fall
Professor
Tufekcioglu,Z
Tags
Sociology, Cultural Relativism, Ethnocentrism, Norms, distinct cultural values

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