Initial Appearance An accused's first appearance before a judge or magistrate following arrest Bail The dollar amount or conditions set by the court to ensure that an individual accused of a crime will appear for further criminal proceedings Preventative Detention The retention of an accused person in custody due to fears that she or he will commit a crime if released before trial Release on Recognizance A judge's order that releases an accused from jail with the understanding that he or she will return for further proceedings of his or her own will Property bond An alternative to posting bail in cash, in which the defendant gains pretrial release by providing the court with property valued at the bail amount as assurance that she or he will return for trial Bail Bond Agent A businessperson who agrees, for a fee to pay the bail amount if the accused fails to appear in court as ordered Preliminary hearing An initial hearing in which a magistrate decides whether there is probable cause to believe that the defendant committed the crime with which he or she is charged Discovery Formal investigation by each side prior to trial Grand Jury The group of citizens called to decide whether probably cause exists to believe that a suspect
committed the crime with which she or he has been charged Information The formal charge against the accused issued by the prosecutor after hearing the preliminary hearing has found probable cause Indictment A charge or written accusation, issued by a grand jury, that probably cause exists to believe that a named person has committed a crime Case Attrition
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- Fall '13
- attorney, prosecutor