elia kazan, on the waterfront 1 - Elia Kazan 1909 Greek...

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9/29/15 Elia Kazan 1909, Greek “Method Acting” o feel emotion 1940’s was most important American director o known for respect for writer’s vision o works with Daryyl Zanuck (Grapes of Wrath) o Boomerang, Panic in the Streets Italian-Neorealism Motion picture industry changed dramatically in the late 40s after the courts broke up the monopoly of the major studios o TV started competing for audiences 1946, 90 million Americans went to the movies every week o 1951, 64 milion o 1956, 46.5 million 1953 roughly 2/3 of American households had TVs Hollywood produced fewer films, roughly 1/3 of what they did in 1936 2 basic responses : 1. lower common denominator within films 2. smarter niche-market films HUAC 1950s America was the first of throws of the Cold War o climate of paranoia had descended upon the land in 1940s as Stalin’s power grew, the House Un-American Activities Committee began to influence the Communist Party o wanted to expose Communist Blacklist/McCarthyism : communist threat in Hollywood o Over 300 workers/actors were blacklisted o

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