Lecture Jan 10 - Farming Humans have been farming for...

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Farming Humans have been farming for 10,000-15,000 years. Before farming, humans hunted and gathered in order to obtain food. Agriculture is the cultivation of plants. It can be on the small scale, a private garden, or on a large scale, mass commercial farming. Domestication is the genetic alteration of plants by humans. For example, humans have altered the wild tomato from a small cherry sized fruit to the modern domesticated tomato which is considerably larger. Why did we start farming? Farming did not happen in one part of the world then spread. It began in many different places at around the same time. A previous explanation for this was that the hunter-gatherer lifestyle was more difficult than farming. Another possible reason for the change in acquiring food is climate change. For instance, the climate in the Mediterranean became drier around 13,500 years ago. People began to gather around water supplies, forcing them to give up the hunter-gathering lifestyle and resorting to farming. Population increase may have also affected farming. There
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Lecture Jan 10 - Farming Humans have been farming for...

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