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ON UTILITARIANISMJOHN STUART MILL
BIG 3 THEORIES OF WESTERN ETHICSUtilitarianismDeontologyVirtue Ethics
JEREMY BENTHAM (1748-1832)Hailed as the smartest man in England duringhis lifetime, he was an active social reformer,philosopher, and scientistFounds the modern understanding ofutilitarianismBegins with pleasure and painWhy?
BENTHAM’SUTIL CALCULUSUtility =Positive util =Negative util =To discover the morality of an action,
JOHN STUART MILL (1806-1873)Polyglot, polymath, poly-everything!In his lifetime he worked on racial equality,gender equality, women’s suffrage, prisonreform, philosophy, government, andeconomicsGoes to study with England’s best thinker in1813…
MILLV.BENTHAMMills hears Bentham out in 1813 and says “you’rewrong”What is Bentham wrong about?(hint: Mill is right…)
VERSION ONE:GREATEST HAPPINESS PRINCIPLE(GHP)“Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrongas they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. By happiness is intendedpleasure, and the absence of pain; by unhappiness, pain, and the privation ofpleasure” (p. 2).

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