Notes 2 - Notes 2 Background The Constitution is the...

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Notes 2 Background The Constitution is the world’s oldest written constitution and also one of the shortest. Natural law – law that defines right from wrong, law that is higher than human law Constitution became a symbol of national loyalty The Constitution is a supreme and binding law that both grants and limits powers. People are not knowledgeable about the Constitution Checking Power with Power The framers wanted to strike a balance between having a more effective national government and not having too much central control The most important way they devised to make public officials observe the elections was through free and fair elections. They feared that majority rights might deprive the minorities of their rights. Separation of powers – the distribution of constitutional authority among the three branches of government: judicial, executive, legislative Madison drew upon John Locke and Montesquieu They believed simply separating the powers was not enough. Check and balances – constitutional grant of powers that enables each of the three
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Notes 2 - Notes 2 Background The Constitution is the...

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