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Unformatted text preview: Physics 4120 Spring 2008 Homework #4 solutions 1) Reif 2.4 (a) The number of states with n 1 parallel and n 2 antiparallel spins is ! ! ! 2 1 n n N . Using our definition for energy H n n E ) ( 2 1 = and 2 1 n n N + = , we can rewrite our ns in terms of energy: H E N H E N N n N n H E N n n N n N n n n H E 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 )) ( ( ) ( 1 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 + =  = = = = = = So the number of states at a particular energy is ! 2 2 ! 2 2 ! +  H E N H E N N But we want the number of states within some interval E. If this interval is small, we can treat the number of states at a given energy as being constant within this interval. So the total number of states within the interval is just this number of states at a particular energy level multiplied by the number of different energy levels within our energy interval. The minimum difference in energy is 2 H (the energy to flip one spin), so the number of energy levels within our interval is E/2 H. So the total number of states within our interval is given by H E H E N H E N N 2 ! 2 2 ! 2 2 ! +  = (b) ( 29 +  + = ! 2 2 ln ! 2 2 ln 2 ln ! ln ln H E N H E N H E N Apply Sterling approximation: + +  + + +   + = H E N H E N N H E N H E N H E N H E N N N H E 2 2 2 2 2 2 ln 2 2 2 2 ln 2 2 ln 2 ln ln Note that the terms on the last line all cancel, so we have + +   + = H E N H E N H E N H E N N N H E 2 2 ln 2 2 2 2 ln 2 2 ln 2 ln ln Its OK if you stop here, but I think its handy to go a bit further:...
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PHYS 4120 taught by Professor Vajk during the Spring '08 term at Missouri (Mizzou).
 Spring '08
 Vajk
 Thermodynamics, Energy, Work

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