exam2 - Freud o Wish fulfillment Manifest content Latent content Cartwright Information processing Hobson McCarley Activation synthesis Biorhythms of

exam2 - Freud o Wish fulfillment Manifest content Latent...

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Freud o Wish fulfillment Manifest content Latent content Cartwright Information processing Hobson & McCarley Activation synthesis Biorhythms of Sleep o Circadian rhythms- approx. 24 hours long o Natural Sleep- light, body temp. Resetting the Biological Clock o Retina detects light o Sends message to hypothalamus- suprachiasmic nucleus (SCN) o SCN sends message to pineal gland o Pineal gland releases melatonin o Melatonin adjusts clock EEG o electroencephalograph o measures brain waves Sleep Cycles o Awake- Beta (lo v, hi f)
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o Drowsy- Alpha o Stage 1- thetta, few minutes o Stage 2- sleep spindles, mixed waves, 20+ minutes o Stage 3 + 4- Delta (hi v, lo f), about 30 minutes o REM (lo v, hi f), most dreaming 3 Functions of Sleep o Protective o Restorative o Growth Sleep Disorders o Insomnia o Narcolepsy o Sleep Apnea Features of Dreams o Story-like o Day residue o Mostly mundane 3 Theories of Dreaming o Wish fulfillment o Information processing o Activation synthesis Bandura
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Observational conditioning Skinner Operant conditioning Pavlov Classical conditioning Classical Conditioning o Unconditional Stimulus (UCS)- natural, evokes UCR o Unconditioned Response (UCR)- natural response to UCS o Conditional Stimulus (CS)- learned, evokes CR o Conditional Response (CR)- learned response to CS Generalization/Discrimination CR spreads to similar stimuli/CR is restricted to specific stimuli Acquisition/Extinction Learn a new CR/Unlearn a CR Spontaneous Recovery CR reappears after extinction and non-exposure Operant Conditioning o Skinner's rats o Reinforcement and punishment o Skinner box Skinner Box A small enclosure in which an animal can make a specific response that is systematically recorded while the consequences of the response are controlled
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