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AHrentoroman - Art Movements High Renaissance: -also called...

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Art Movements High Renaissance : -also called the “Imperial style,” the “classical phase” of the Renaissance -characterized by: -sense of gravity -complex but balanced relationship of individual parts to the whole -deeper understanding of humanism & of ancient classical art -turned to classical antiquity for inspiration -new mathematical depiction of space, one-point (linear) perspective -greater precision in rendering the illusion of physical reality (goal of achieving correct but perfected figures set within a rationally, rather than visually, defined space. -use of tempera gave way to more flexible oil medium in painting - Mannerism : may be described as the most willful and perverse of the stylistic periods History: Mannerist art reflects deep doubts over the classical principles, normative proportions, and lucid space of the High Renaissance -Comes from the Italian word maniera , used in the 16 th century to suggest self-aware elegance and grace to the point of artifice. -Today, in visual arts, Mannerism has come to mean intellectually intricate subjects, highly skilled techniques, and art concerned with beauty for its own sake. -is an attitude, a point of view, as much as a “style” -arose during social, religious (Martin Luther and Protestant Reformation in 1517), and scientific (Copernicus’s heliocentric planetary system created new view of the world) turmoil Characteristics: 1. fearless manipulations or distortions of accepted formal conventions 2. obscure, unsettling, and often erotic imagery 3. unusual colors and juxtapositions in response to the High Renaissance 4. unfathomable secondary scenes 5. clashing colors, disquieting figures with abnormally elongated limbs (often torturous-looking) 6. emotion and bizarre themes that combined Classicism, Christianity, and mythology Critics: some define it as a style opposed to the principles of High Renaissance art; others treated it as a historical period in art between the early 16th century High Renaissance the seventeenth-century Baroque. 1
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Baroque : History: -developed against the historical backdrop of the Counter-Reformation, the advancement of science, the expanding world of exploration and trade, and the rise of private patronage in the arts -by 1600s (17 th c), the permanent division within Europe between Roman Catholicism
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AHrentoroman - Art Movements High Renaissance: -also called...

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