Focal Sheet Seven-Civil Rights

Focal Sheet Seven-Civil Rights - PS103 U.S. Political...

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PS103 Dr. Mitch Gerber U.S. Political Systems CONCEPTUAL FOCAL SHEET SEVEN: CIVIL RIGHTS IN THE U.S. 1. The 24 th Amendment This particular constitutional amendment ratified in 1964 prohibits the use of poll taxes in federal elections (President, Vice President, Senator or Representative of Congress). The use of such poll taxes in federal elections is unconstitutional. 2. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 This particular highly significant civil rights federal legislation prohibited the use of literacy tests and various other discriminatory tests to vote. An increase in the registration and voting of African-American was one of the outcomes of the passing of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, once these arbitrary restrictions on voting were removed. 3. The Poll Tax Considered to be one of the most inane and illogical institutions of the Jim Crow post civil war south, along with the literacy test and the grandfather’s clause, the poll tax was purposely used to disenfranchise African-American voters from the U.S. electoral system. 4. Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections The Supreme Court ruled in 1966 that payment of poll taxes as a requirement for voting is unconstitutional. 5.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PS 103 taught by Professor Gerber during the Spring '08 term at Southeast Missori State University.

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Focal Sheet Seven-Civil Rights - PS103 U.S. Political...

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