Political Parties (in US) - English For Political Science.pdf

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Political PartiesENGLISH FOR POLITICAL SCIENCELectured by:ALDA DEA DELFINA, M.TESOL
What is a Political Party?Political Partya group of people who seek to controlgovernment through the winning of elections and theholding of public officePeople who have joined together based on certain commonprinciples/beliefsThe two Major Parties in the U.S. are:RepublicanDemocratic
Why Political Parties?Political parties are essential to democraticgovernmentThey are the medium through which options arepresented to the peopleServe as a link between the people and their governmentSome argue they are the primary method by which the willof the people is made known to government
5 Major Functions1.Nominating Candidates for public officeTHE major functionSelect candidate and present them to the votersWork to help their candidate win electionsCandidates represent the party members and help spreadthe party’s messageNominating is exclusive to political parties- no othergroup in the political process does this
Functions of Political Parties2.Informing and Activating SupportersActivate interest and participation in public affairsPrimarily by:Campaigning for their candidatesTaking stands on issuesCriticizing the candidates/positions of their opponentsInform voters the way THEY want them to be informedAdvertisingBEWARE- this information isbiased towards its own party’splatform
Functions of Political Parties3.Unite GovernmentMembers of political parties are connected because theyare members of the same organizationCan link members at different levels of government to

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Term
Fall
Professor
N/A
Tags
Democracy, Coalition government, Major party

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