Political IdeologiesEnglish for Political ScienceLectured by Alda Dea Delfina, M.TESOL
What ispoliticalideology?A definition of 'ideology’ must be neutral: it must reject thenotion that ideologies are 'good' or 'bad', true or false, orliberating or oppressive. The modern, social scientificmeaning of the term, sees ideology as an action-orientated belief system, an interrelated set of ideas thatin some way guides or inspires political action.In other words, from a social-scientific view point, anideology is a more or less coherent set of ideas thatprovides a basis for organized political action, whether thisis intended to preserve, modify or overthrow the existingsystem of power relationships.
LiberalismLiberalism was the product of the breakdown of feudalismand the growth, in its place, of a market or capitalistsociety. Early liberalism reflected the aspirations of a risingindustrial middle class, and liberalism and capitalism havebeen closely linked ever since.