notes on chapter 2 assignment

notes on chapter 2 assignment - Philosophy 101 Tuesday...

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Philosophy 101 Tuesday, January 08, 2008 Homework: Pp. 14-22, 24-25, skip fallacies of reasoning Example: "Suppose you are surrounded by four islands somewhere in the Pacific Ocean. You examine all trees on three islands but cannot get to the fourth. Nevertheless, you might make some predictions on the basis of your experience on the first three islands." 1. Island 1 has coconut trees. 2. Island 2 has coconut trees. 3. Island 3 has coconut trees. 4. Island 4 probably has coconut trees. We observe resemblances and regularities in life and generalize them. Naturally, the greater the sample size of our observation, the greater the probability of our generalization. Inductive Argument: An argument in which the premises support the truth Of the conclusion but do not guarantee it (as a valid Deductive argument would) o Strong/weak or cogent/implausible (instead of valid or invalid) o The premises are evidence for the conclusion or hypothesis o If the evidence for the conclusion is substantial , we call the argument a strong inductive argument o If the evidence is weak , so is the argument. o
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notes on chapter 2 assignment - Philosophy 101 Tuesday...

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