Study Guide for History Exam 3 (Autosaved)

Study Guide for History Exam 3 (Autosaved) - Hist. 1020...

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Hist. 1020 Study Guide Exam #3 Disclaimer: The following is a general guide to help you prepare for the upcoming exam. It is not to be understood as a comprehensive guide to the topics that will be covered on the exam. Moreover, it must be stated that acquiring a simple definition of each of the following key terms will not serve you well on the exam. You must understand the material in its context in order to do well. Chapter 9 Triple Alliance- military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy during WWI. Italy left and joined the Triple Entente and was replaced by the Ottoman Empire Triple Entente- military alliance between Britain, Russia, and France. Italy left the Triple Alliance and joined the Entente. Winning side of WWI Schliefen Plan- strategic military plan for the Alliance in order for a victory in the Western and Eastern Fronts against France and Russia. Plan failed and resulted in trench warfare Sarajevo- place where the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand took place. Gavrilo Princip was responsible. This event started WWI. Bolsheviks- majority political party of Russia. They accepted Marxist goals but followed the teachings of Vladimir Lenin. Competed against Mensheviks. Mensheviks- minority political party of Russia. Competed against Bolsheviks. Sought to build a large party organization along the lines of the Western social democratic movements. Lenin- exiled leader of the Bolsheviks. Lenin rejected Marx ideas. Argued that only a violent revolution would achieve socialism. Wilson- President of the United States during WWI. He tried to isolate the U.S. from the war, but was forced to get involved after Germany sanked US merchant ships and they were found planning to attack the U.S. Versailles- place where the Treaty of Versailles was signed. All the major powers involved in WWI met here. The treaty itself brought more problems than peace for the parties involved, particularly Germany. Fourteen Points- fourteen instructions that were part of Woodrow Wilson's speech prior to the surrender of the Germany. They were used as a basis for the terms of Germany's surrender. Only four of the points were adopted League of Nations- international organization founded as a result of the Treaty of Versailles. The U.S. didn't join the league because they wanted to remain out of foreign affairs. It was ultimately responsible for making sure another WW didn't happened, but failed. Reparations- payments that Germany was forced to make as a result of WWI. They were also forced to accept responsibility for starting the war. Estimated amount: $33 billion.
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Nicholas II- Czar of Russia during WWI. Wanted to spend more time with his family than being the Czar. He and his family was killed during the Russian Revolution 1905 Revolution- undirected struggle that swept through the vast areas of the Russian Empire. It was a culmination of decades of civil unrest and dissatisfaction stemming from the rule of the Romanov dynasty. It had no single aim or cause. Archduke Ferdinand-
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Study Guide for History Exam 3 (Autosaved) - Hist. 1020...

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