CONCLUSIONS ABOUT BIEL'S DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION adapted from H. Oberman, A Harvest of Medieval Theology (Durham: Labyrinth Press, 1983), pp. 146-185; esp. 175-176. According to Biel: 1. God owes it to his own nature, immutable design, and great benevolence, to reward those people who qui faciunt quod in se est ["do their very best," or "do the good that is within them"]. 2. This is an act of Divine mercy which does not lay aside God's Justice but establishes and undergirds it. 3. The fallen person cannot elevate him/herself from a state of sin to a state of grace because salvation presupposes an infusion of grace into the individual, and grace is a gift of God. But the sinner can advance to the threshold of salvation (where sin and grace meet) by opening the door to his/her heart and loving God as completely as a fallen person is able [ status in puris naturalibus ]. 4. This advancement toward the state of grace presupposes a higher notion of spiritual powers of fallen people than most Protestants (and St. Augustine) would be comfortable with; "after
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course REL THEL 352 taught by Professor Tyson during the Spring '08 term at Houghton College.