CHXVI - XVI. Exodus and the Prophets: As the Pentateuch...

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XVI. Exodus and the Prophets: As the Pentateuch gives way to prophetic literature, the Divine self-introduction, "I am YHWH," is linked less to the patriarchal beginnings and the promises made there but the connection with the exodus out of Egyptian bondage remains solid. As in Judges 6:7-10, for example: When the people of Israel cried to the LORD on account of the Midianites, the LORD sent a prophet to the people of Israel; and he said to them, "Thus says the LORD, the God of Israel: sI led you up from Egypt, and brought you out of the house of bondage; and I delivered you from the hand of the Egyptians, and from the hand of all who oppressed you, and drove them out before you, and gave you their land. ..;s We have heard the historical prologue, now the name identification: (Judg. 6:10) " . . . I said to you, s am the LORD your God; you shall not pay reverence to the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you dwell.s But you did not give heed to my voice." Here the identification, "I am the LORD your God," almost sounds like a threat, and a promise of judgement. This is pretty much par for the course in the book of Judges; Israel strays from the way of righteousness, receives oppression at the hand of foreigners as divine judgement for her waywardness, and cries out to the LORD in prayers of supplication. The LORD then raises up a savior, who judges Israel for either 40 or 80 years. Judges falls into a rather nice pattern of six cycles of sin, oppression, supplication, and deliverance. It is a textbook on retributive history; Judges shows graphically what happens when you disobey YHWH, the God of the exodus. In Psalm 50, the psalmist records an oracle of YHWH which effectively levels religious externalism, practiced as a sort of perfunctory service unto the LORD. Here, the morality epitomized by the holiness code stands in ironic opposition to the burnt offerings also required by Leviticus: 1 1 Psalm 50: 1, 7-15, 23. 1
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The Mighty One, God the LORD, speaks and summons the earth from the rising of the sun to its setting. Hear, O my people, and I will speak, O Israel, I will testify against you. I am God, your God. I do not reprove you for your sacrifices; your burnt offerings are continually before me. I will accept no bull from your house, nor he-goat from your folds. For every beast of the forest is mine, the cattle on a thousand hills. I know all the birds of the air, and all that moves in the field is mine. If I were hungry, I would not tell you; for the world and all that is in it is mine. Do I eat the flesh of bulls, or drink the blood of goats? Offer to God a sacrifice of thanksgiving, and pay your vows to the Most High; and call upon me in the day of trouble; I will deliver you, and you shall glorify me. He who brings thanksgiving as his sacrifice honors me;
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course REL THEL 353 taught by Professor Tyson during the Spring '08 term at Houghton College.

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CHXVI - XVI. Exodus and the Prophets: As the Pentateuch...

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