Week6 - KT 5 NORTHERN AHIO ZONE k 1 em)J/I u201c GUI 054...

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Unformatted text preview: KT 5" NORTHERN AHIO ZONE k. 1 em - ' )J/I “ GUI; 054! y t/ I 547‘}? F N] _ F LG'WLANDS. NORTH -“""r {é} . "4, NORTHwESTERN FRONTIER La . I ' ll "5 fifi, ‘ t. _ Zac . . a GULF Lc-wLANOs, NORTH—CENTRAL " WEST MEXICO Tarasc; MICHOACAN AND THE 3min GUERRERO WOMAN. PETER flEGiN, BELIEE] authern GULF E'WLANDS. SOUTH-:ENTRM . __ I ‘ SOLITHERN GU MAYA LOWMMDS, NORTH &‘ LDWLANIJS [NORTHERN YuchiraL .‘ __ _ Mam LOWLMDS. SOUTH [5013115333, . CENTHNL HlGHMNUS lTuu, TOLLICA, BASTN DF MExIcO. a n CI 5 A MORELOS, PUEBLA MID Tmcnm} '70 '5‘“ [STHMIJS 0F TEH ANTEPE AMI} ’00 SOUTHERN Hummus PM“: Cmgm PM?" ('4: NEWMAN WALLET. ' . ' N 44/ VALLEY OF 0AM“. _ INTERMEDIATE AREA .- T MIXTECA REGIONS] ‘ "h- CHIAPRS AMI} . I I ' GUATEMALA HIGHLANDS . . a 500 Inrn SouTREASrERR = J . . 0 300 miles MESOAMERICA q A 'l'L-m ihlflfi - - , . .. 'E‘rxuncn .-\Im\'i:.L-.1 . r, ‘ I‘m-“m” 1. c“. Alzcapmnlcg #9 :- 'TT-'_N:KJTITIT'.\.\:} 9 |.:I':1.llt'n1-.u|u . ‘ (Wt-Lulu Man I "5:, ._I .-.15 Mums fl ' ' . 'I'amuin I O I . I ' ' .uix . I o ‘31:} . in . 'l‘u]|:muinl_.zu\ 'I'7inrn'1ntmn J} {1' I'. Lillixllilhuuua I . meua 1 o :.a|n|_L,I|,\ Isl-:5 Llc Hacrificim ' Mulinalcn D ' 'I‘glmfllfln o . . . " u lt‘t’ltltlill'l I1 Ihinpu dc (In-rm a 11mm: MIT-in a a Mitlfl . Sitl'h wilh '1': rltL‘L' ;Irchi1cc1urc Or artifacts p _ 'i’ry‘ oillhur vault-rm” Ilu- - I!“ 0 Pusl—Clnheiic lacriml (5.53;; Teo Labs The Teotihuacan Collapse. VFT Lab 6 Question 1 Evidence for Maya warfare includes Selected Answer: A and B Question 2 Teotihuacan was nrobabh.r abandoned due to: Selected Answer: Warfare and internal social stress Question 3 The changes undergone by many past societies are often better described as "transformation" than "collapse." Selected Answer: True Question 5 1 out of 1 The area north ofthe Rio Lerma—Santiago was always clearly part of Mesoamerica. fl Selected Answer: False Question 6 0 out of 1 Investigations of climate change around La Quemada show that l! Selected Answer: The occupation of La Quemada corresponded to a period ofhigh rainfall. Question 7 1 out of 1 The analysis of mortuary contexts (i.e. burials) at Teotihuacan shows that the occupants of the site shared identical religious beliefs. 4 Selected Answer: False Question 8 1 out of 1 For purposes of archaeological study, definitions of collapse include: —a Selected Answer' All of the above. Question 9 1 out of 1 Prehispanic occupants oFNorthern Mexico may have planted both agave and maize to buFfer against drought years. j Selected Answer: True Question 10 1 out of l poil The environmental degradation seen today in areas of Northwest Mexico is largely the result of: J Selected Answer' Depopulation, deforestation and introduction oi‘new grazing animals bythe Spanish following the conquest Question 11 0 out of 1 poil More recent work (Fisher) in the Tarascan area has shown that: 3 Selected Answer: A and C Question 12 1 out of 1 poil The Northern Frontier of Mesoamerica is considered a cultural backwater in which no advances in architectureI art or cosmology were ever j made. Selected Answer: False Question 13 1 out of l poil The Classic Maya collapse was probably multidimensional, with many things going wrong at the same time. _Q Selected Answer: True Question 14 1 out of 1 [Jail The traditional explanation (Armillas) for why people Mesoamerican peoples expanded into Northern Mexico is that the climate changed. j allowing for the expansion of maize agriculture into a formerly inhospitable area. SEIECIEG Answer: True Question 15 1 Many difFerent causes have been proposed for the Classic Maya collapse. Proposed explanations for the Maya collapse include: —a Selected Answer: All of the above Question 15 1 Match the method with the type of information that it provides. j Question Selected Match Pollen analysis B. The types of plants in an area andl'or changes in vegetation. Ceomorphology C. Changes in the landscape. ranging from soils to whole landforms. Oxygen isotope ratios A. Climate change. particularly the amount of rainfall. Question 1? 1 The Tarascans heavily modified their landscape using terraces. j Selected Answer: True Question 18 1 The collapse of the Classic Maya was characterized by —a Selected Answer: B and C Question 19 lout of lpoir‘lt; The original studies of Tarascan land management [O'Harel showed that the prehispanic landscape around Lake Patzcuaro was very stable. j Selected Answer: False Question 20 1 out of 1 points Match each case study to the description of its geographic location. j Question Selected Match The Classic Maya B. The Maya lowlands of Guatemala and Mexico Teotihuacan A. Central highland Mexico The Tarascans C. The Lake Patzcuaro Basin of West Mexico La Quemada D. The state of Zacatecas in Northwest Mexico Question 13 Investigations of climate change around La lQuemada show that J: Selected Answer: The majority of modern landscape degradation occurred with the introduction of cattle. Investigations of climate change around La Quemada show that 3 Selected Answer: All of the above Investigations of climate change around La Quemada show that Selected Answer: There was relatively little environmental change before. during. and after the occupation of La Quemada. Questlnn 19 {3:1 - Evidence fer Maya warfare includes Lu Selected Answer: Stela inscriptions ddcumenting conquests. Questlen ? ms Evidence fclr Maya warfare includes '\. "-. Selected Answer: All nf the abusive Quiz 2: Questlon 1 What is represented in this image? Selected Answer: Frieze B, Tula Question 3 What is represented in this picture? Selected Answer: The hall court at Chlchen ltza Question 1 1 out of l poinls Chichen Itza's art and architecture show incorporation of elements of j Selected Answer' A and B Question 2 1 out of 1 points The pyramids at Chichen ltza are very different from those of the Classic Maya. What element makes the Chichen Irza pyramids stylistically _u different from those of the Classic Maya? Selected Answer: Classic Maya pyramids are more vertical than those at Chichen Itza Question 3 1 out of 1 points The Fact that Tula Chico was abandoned in favor of Tula Grande, but not burned or built over, suggests that Tula Chico was sacred to the j residents of Tula Grande. SEI ECIEd ANSWEI’I True Question 4 1 out of 1 points ' After identifying cacao residues in ceramics i’rorn the Pueblo Bonito. in Chaco Canyon. New Mexico. Crown and Hurst (2009) argued that: Selected Answer: A large trade network linked central Mexico to the American Southwest Question 5 1 out of 1 points The coincidence ofTopiltzin—Quetzalcoatl and Kukulcan in Toltec and Maya myth, respectivelyI might indicate that j Selected Answer: A and B Question 8 1 out of As displayed on Temple B at Tula. the being most closely associated with the sun in many Mesoamerican religions is the —a Selected Answer: Eagle Question 9 1 out of Like the Maya, the Toltec altered their environments through terracing for farming purposes. _a Seiected Answer: True Question 10 1 out of The Maya architectural style at Chichen Itza is characterized by {check all that apply} J Seiected Answers‘ Ornate decoration of surfaces Geometric shapes such as stepped frets and scrolls outlining mosaic—like faces 'Roof combs' or false fronts. causing buildings to appear taller than they structurally are Question 11 1 out of Almost all scholars now agree that Chichen Itza's rise to political power was unrelated to its strength in interregional trade. J Seiected Answer: False Question 12 1 out of What elements on the Atlantean scuiptures indicate they were representations ofwarriors? J Selected Answer: Both A and B Question 13 1 out of 1 points In the Classic and Epiclassic periods, the majority of Central Mexican and Maya sites did not share characteristics. but this began to change with _a the rise of Chichen Itza and Tula. Selected Answer: True Question 14 1 out of 1 points In comparison to Teotihuacan, Tuia was a much larger city both in total area and population. _fl Sele cted AHEWEI" False Question 15 1 out of 1 points Why is Tula no longer wideiy considered to be the historical cognate to the mythical place Toiian (check all that apply)? j 'Tollan‘ is a word appended to many Mesoamerican place names to show their significance and mayr have more to do with creating legitimacy than recording history Sahagun documented sixteenth—century indigenous distinctions between the actual peopie who lived at Tula and the inhabitants of mythical Tolian Archaeologists realized that the ethnohistoric record had to be read more carefuliy and could not be used as a 'guidebook‘ Question 16 1 out of Correct _ fl The flattened area of the Chacmool sculptures served what purpose? Selected Answer: It was used during ritual human sacrifice Question 1? 1 out of How do we know El Caracol at Chichen ltza is an observatory? _0 Selected Answer: The openings in the structure align with the sunrise on the solstices and equinoxes Question 18 1 out of The 'halln'larks' of Toltec culture include (check all that apply] _fl Selected Answers: Colonnaded halls Chac Mool sculptures Martial and sacrificial themes in art Question 19 1 out of Chichen Itza displays two architectural styles: Puuc Maya and Central Mexican. The current best explanation for this co—occurrence is the —a Selected Answer' The two styles were conter‘l’lporan.r and may represent the sharing of power during the Postclassic Question 20 1 out of Archaeologists, epigraphers and iconographers refer to representations such as that on theJaguar Slab at Chichen Itza as 46 Selected Answer: Anthropomorphs ...
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