Test 1 Notes

Test 1 Notes - Test 1 Notes-Liv Leach Weeks 1 and 2...

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Test 1 Notes-Liv Leach Weeks 1 and 2 Anthropology- Anthropos-man (humankind) Logos-word 2 major branches Cultural- learned behavior Ex. Fire Clothing, child rearing, religion, housing, weapons Ethnography- describe or write about a particular culture Ex. Why are some people who are into tattoos cutting of parts of their bodies now too? Mostly study of non-westernized cultures Ex. Ynomamo in Brazil and Venezuela Participate in infanticide, capture women in war, sniff hallucinogenic snuff Physical- biological Ex. Genetics Skin color, eye color, body size, blood types Human anatomy (skulls) Archaeology Cultural artifacts left behind
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Constructed and altered by humans Areas occupied by humans Ex. Lithics, stone Linguistics Language- how words are formed, how languages differ, how close to eachother, origins, diversification, diffusion, non-written languages, body language Holistic- approach; look at humans in terms of integrated systems: biological, cultural, and environmental Ethnocentrism-viewing other cultures from the inherently biased perspective of one’s own culture. Often results in other cultures being seen as inferior to one’s own Forensics- dealing with legal matters; work with coroners and law enforcement agencies in the recovery, analysis, and identification of human remains Paleoanthropology-interdisciplinary approach to the study of earlier hominids- their chronology, physical structure, archaeological remains, habitats, etc Ales Hrdlicka 20 th century Founder of American Journal of Physical Anthropology (1918) Helped to form AAPA Father of physical anthropology in the US C.B. Moore Traveled southeastern US Collections at Smithsonian Biased sampling
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Charles Darwin Origin of Species-1859 Said that monkeys and humans descended from a common ancestor. Interpretation of some was that humans are descendants of monkeys, but he said that they simply have a common ancestor. Charles Lyell Friend of Darwin Contributed to science Reaffirmed uniformitarianism opposed catastrophism and stated that the same forces which were at work in the past work still at work today Came to Louisiana in 1840s Principles of Geology 1830-1833 Uniformitarianism- the theory that the earth’s features are a result of long-term processes that continue to operate in the present as they did in the past; opposed catastrophism and contributed strongly to the concept of immense geological time; elaborated on by Lyell Linnaeus 1707-1788 Systematic classification of animals Binomial nomenclature-taxonomy Creationist but brought order Cuvier Dean of vertebrate paleontology 1769-1832
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Founder of modern comparative anatomy Fixity of species Belief that all life forms couldn’t change No natural selection, etc Catastrophism All animals were destroyed because earth’s appearance was a result of the cataclysmic events Opened the door for someone else to explain the appearance and disappearance of new species Catastrophism- the view that the earth’s geological landscape is the result of
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Test 1 Notes - Test 1 Notes-Liv Leach Weeks 1 and 2...

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