phil 101 notes

phil 101 notes - epistemology greeks first to formalize...

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13/10/2007 epistemology greeks, first to formalize definition of knowledge epistemology - the study of knowledge. it asks certain kinds of questions, i.e.: - what are the conditions under which knowledge can be secured? - what is the definition of knowledge? - how is knowledge different from faith? belief? opinion? - what are categories of knowledge? - are there limits to knowledge? skepticism - much more robust than what we typically attribute to a skeptic. this relies on a very specific understanding of what it means to know. what we know: -we will die. -laws of physics -matter exists meditiations systematic doubt certainty God's existence motivism source of ideas account of existence 5+6)proof of external world foundationalist - certain features of knowledge are absolute. starting points are indubitable. truth of starting points is obvious, nothing to justify. there is a "web of beliefs" aquineas. there are a priori truths. ^^this is Descartes
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phil 101 notes - epistemology greeks first to formalize...

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