judprocess10 - Judges Supreme Court Justices, Superior...

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Judges Supreme Court Justices, Superior Court Judges and Tax Court Judges The New Jersey Constitution determines how people become Supreme Court justices or Superior Court or Tax Court judges. Under this process, the Governor nominates a person to be a justice or a judge. The Governor submits the nomination to the state Senate, which then votes whether to confirm the nominee for the position. If confirmed by the Senate, the nominee is sworn in for an initial term of seven years. Reappointment After seven years, justices and judges can be reappointed. Again, the Governor submits a nomination to the state Senate, which votes whether to confirm the nominee for reappointment. Justices and judges who are reappointed have tenure, which allows them to remain in their posts until they reach the age of 70, when the New Jersey Constitution requires that they retire. The appointment process and tenure strengthen judicial independence. Municipal Court Judges Municipal Court judges are appointed by the town's governing body. Terms are for three years. Municipal Court judges may be reappointed, but there is no tenure. Jury Duty Each year, thousands of citizens in New Jersey serve as jurors in Superior Court. Jury service is a civic duty in our democracy. When jurors decide a case, they represent the community as a whole. By serving as jurors, people help to ensure that our system of justice is fair. Petit Jury, Grand Jury There are two types of juries: petit juries and grand juries. Most jurors serve on petit juries. Petit means small. A petit jury decides the outcome of a criminal trial or of a civil trial in which monetary damages are sought. In New Jersey, juries in criminal trials
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judprocess10 - Judges Supreme Court Justices, Superior...

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