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Last Name 1NameSubjectCourse InstructorDateThe Battle for SaratogaThe battle for Saratoga took place on the Hudson River in the New York State. The fight was between the British and German troops against the American contingents. Major General Horatio Gates assisted by Brigadier Benedict Arnold commanded the American Army while on the other hand Major General John Burgoyne commanded the German and the British troops. The size of the armies was significantly large the British army has comprised of about 5000 soldiers that included Canadians, Indians, and Brunswickers. Consequently, at the end of the war the size of the American militia was between12000 to 14000 troops. The British troops wore red coats, leather caps, and headgear and the German contingents wore blue coats and retained their mitre and brass front as their Prussian style (BritishBattles.com 1). The Americans, on the other hand, the American militia wore rough clothing but as the army advanced the American continental army wore a blue uniform. Both sides of the armies were armed with guns and muskets while many of the Pennsylvania and Virginia troops and militia had small caliber weapons. The winners of the war were the American troops who forced Burgoyne to surrender by force. In the winter of 1776/7 British governor back in London made a plan of sending astrong army to Lake Champlain through Canada. The army was intended to split the American rebellious American colonies while the same time is isolating New England. Consequently, Sir Guy Carleton could have been appointed to lead the battle but King George III decided to appoint General John Burgoyne to lead the battle. Burgoyne was known to be a gentleman by his fellow soldiers. Moreover, Burgoyne had taken the precaution of going back to London but was lobbied for the command. Consequently, Burgoyne was instructed to take his contingents down to Lake Champlain and capture theTiconderoga and then advanced through the Hudson River Southwards.Additionally, the expectations of Burgoyne was that the second British force that was commanded by Major General Clinton could push northwards up to the Hudson River from New York. However, no proper orders were sent to General Howe, who was commanding the British troops in New York to compile with the new directive. Consequently, Howe had his plans of taking Philadelphia and invasion of Pennsylvania.
Last Name 2Moreover, Burgoyne commanded his troops down Lake Champlain and on June 1777. Once he reached Fort Ticonderoga on 1st July 1777. The American commander who was on the Fort abandoned the Fort once the British contingents arrived. Consequently, the British forces made a diversionary raid down the Mohawk River from Lake Erie (BritishBattles.com 1). On the 10th July 1777, Burgoyne's forces made major advances and reached Skenesboro, and he concentrated in this region by clearing of roads northwards for supply and advance southwards. Burgoyne's army faced many challenges