judprocess4 - broadly. As the first sentence in the body of...

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The First Amendment to the United States Constituion is a part of the United States Bill of Rights. On its face, it prohibits the United States Congress from making laws "respecting an establishment of religion" (the "Establishment Clause") or that prohibit free exercise of religion (the "Free Exercise Clause"), laws that infringe the freedom of speech, infringe the freedom of press, limit the right to assemble peaceably, or limit the right to petition the government for a redress of grievances Although the First Amendment explicitly prohibits only the named rights from being abridged by laws made by the Congress, the courts have interpreted it as applying more
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Unformatted text preview: broadly. As the first sentence in the body of the Constitution reserves all law-making ("legislative") authority to the Congress, the courts have held that the First Amendment's terms also extend to the executive and judicial branches. Additionally, in the 20th century the Supreme Court has held that the Due Process clause of the 14th Ammdendment "incorporates" the limitations of the First Amendment. That means that the restrictions of the First Amendment also apply to the states, including the local governments within each of those states....
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course POLITICAL 381 taught by Professor Mcleod during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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