judprocess9 - Judicial Process Lectures Judicial Process in...

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Judicial Process Lectures Judicial Process in New Jersey The Judiciary, or court system, is one of the three branches of state government in New Jersey. The two others are the Executive Branch and the Legislative Branch. Courts are the most visible part of our legal system. Each year, about seven million new cases are filed in New Jersey's Courts. These cases involve everything from education, the environment, wills, crimes, contracts and car accidents to health care, taxes, adoptions, divorces, defective products, and our basic rights as Americans, such as the freedom of speech. The decisions that are made in our courts influence our lives in countless ways. This is an overview of the court system in New Jersey - what its job is, how it works and how it serves the public and society. Also included are tips on how to find a court opinion, or the written explanation of a court's decision in a case, in a law book.\ Important Principles of the Court System In every case, New Jersey's courts strive to achieve one thing: justice. To achieve justice, our courts must be independent, open and impartial. Judicial Independence Judicial independence permits judges to make decisions that they believe are correct, fair and just even though their decisions may sometimes be unpopular. Open Proceedings Not only must the court system work and be fair, but it is important that people see that it works and is fair. When people have confidence in the legal system, they will support it and respect for the law will grow. For this reason, most court proceedings, including trials, are open to the public. Equal Treatment For our courts to be fair, judges must be impartial -- that is, they may not favor either side in a case. The goal of our courts is to provide equal treatment to all people, regardless of their wealth, position, race, gender, religion, ethnic background or physical disability. |Top of Page| Types of Courts, Types of Cases In New Jersey, there are several different kinds of courts. They include the New Jersey
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Supreme Court; the Superior Court, which includes the Appellate Division; the Tax Court, and the Municipal Courts. Superior Court Cases involving criminal, civil and family law are heard in what is known as the Superior Court. The Superior Court is sometimes called the trial court because it is where trials are conducted. There is a Superior Court in each of New Jerseys 21 counties. There are approximately 360 Superior Court trial judges in New Jersey. Criminal Cases
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course POLITICAL 381 taught by Professor Mcleod during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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judprocess9 - Judicial Process Lectures Judicial Process in...

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