ETHICS SG - (DRAFT OF) STUDY GUIDE FOR TEST 1 (ETHICS) I....

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(DRAFT OF) STUDY GUIDE FOR TEST 1 (ETHICS) I. Preliminaries What characterizese a “philosophical” issue, according to your instructor? (He focussed  on three aspects of classic philosophical questions or issues.)  Explain. What are the three major areas of philosophy (one of which is Ethics)? Explain the “popular opinion” and the “appeal to common practice” fallacies. (Describe  the reasoning. Why should it be regarded as unreliable or defective?) What is the point and nature of a “ reductio ad absurdum ” strategy? II. Plato’s Euthyphro Why  is Socrates at the courthouse? (What exactly has he been accused of?) What does Socrates seek from Euthyphro? (E’s claim to wisdom; Socrates’ classic  “philosophical” question.) What is meant by “Socratic irony”? At first, when asked to provide a definition (of p), Euthyphro provides only  examples Why is this unacceptable to Socrates? Eventually, Euthyphro gives his famous definition of p.  What is it?  (I’m not asking you to  memorize  something here. Be able to describe his theory of the essence of p.) Explain Socrates’ “reductio ad absurdum” criticism of E’s initial formulation of his  definition. How does Euthyphro repair his definition? 
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ETHICS SG - (DRAFT OF) STUDY GUIDE FOR TEST 1 (ETHICS) I....

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