Ch.8.ppt - F07

Ch.8.ppt - F07 - Chapter 8: Learning Learning relatively...

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Chapter 8: Learning Chapter 8: Learning Learning relatively permanent change in an organism’s behavior due to experience experience (nurture) is the key to learning
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Learning Learning Classical or Pavlovian conditioning Associating two stimuli that co-occur Operant conditioning Learn to associate a response and its consequence Social Learning (observational learning) Learn by watching the response and consequence of someone else’s behavior
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Classical or Pavlovian Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning Conditioning Ivan Pavlov 1849-1936 Russian physician/ neurophysiologist Nobel Prize in 1904 studied digestive secretions
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Classical or Pavlovian Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning Conditioning Classical Conditioning organism comes to associate two stimuli begins with a stimulus (UCS) that triggers a reflex (UCR) a neutral stimulus (CS) is paired with a stimulus that evokes the reflex (UCR) neutral stimulus (CS) eventually comes to evoke the reflex (CR)
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Pavlov’s Classic Experiment Pavlov’s Classic Experiment Before Conditioning During Conditioning After Conditioning UCS (food in mouth) Neutral stimulus (tone) No salivation UCR (salivation) Neutral stimulus (tone) UCS (food in mouth) UCR (salivation) CS (tone) CR (salivation)
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Classical or Pavlovian Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning Conditioning Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) effective stimulus that unconditionally- automatically and naturally- triggers a response (i.e., food in the mouth) Unconditioned Response (UCR) unlearned, naturally occurring automatic response to the unconditioned stimulus (i.e., salivation when food is in the mouth)
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Classical or Pavlovian Classical or Pavlovian Conditioning Conditioning Conditioned Stimulus (CS) previously neutral stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSY 1305 taught by Professor Rowatt during the Fall '07 term at Baylor.

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Ch.8.ppt - F07 - Chapter 8: Learning Learning relatively...

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