Ch.18.ppt _ F07

Ch.18.ppt _ F07 - Chapter 18: Social Psychology Social...

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Chapter 18:  Social Psychology Chapter 18:  Social Psychology Social Psychology Social Psychology scientific study of how we think  scientific study of how we think  about, influence, and relate to one  about, influence, and relate to one  another another
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Chapter 18:  Social Psychology Social Thinking Attribution Theory Relationship between Attitudes and Behaviors Social Influence Conformity; obedience to authority Group processes Social Relations Attraction / liking Aggression Helping Prejudice
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Social Thinking Attribution Theory tendency to give a causal explanation for  someone’s behavior (crediting either the  situation or the person’s disposition) Fundamental Attribution Error tendency for observers, when analyzing  another’s behavior, to underestimate the impact  of the situation and to overestimate the impact  of personal disposition
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Social Thinking Do attitudes predict behavior? Not very well They may under specific circumstances 1. External influences are minimal 2. Attitude and behavior are specific 3. We are made aware of our attitudes
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Social Thinking Does behavior predict attitudes? Better than attitudes predict behavior 1 .   When fulfilling a role o Zimbardo prison study 2.  Foot-in-the-Door Phenomenon o Tendency for people who have 1 st   agreed to a  small request to comply later w/ a larger  request o Cognitive dissonance theory
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Why do actions affect attitudes? One explanation is  that when our attitudes and actions are opposed, we  experience tension. This is called  cognitive  dissonance . To relieve ourselves of this tension we bring our 
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSY 1305 taught by Professor Rowatt during the Fall '07 term at Baylor.

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Ch.18.ppt _ F07 - Chapter 18: Social Psychology Social...

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