Ch. 1.ppt - F07

Ch. 1.ppt - F07 - Thinking Critically with Psychological...

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Thinking Critically with Psychological Science Critical Thinking thinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions examine assumptions discern hidden values evaluate evidence
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Limits of Intuition and Common Sense Hindsight Bias tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it the “I-knew-it-all-along” phenomenon Overconfidence we tend to think we know more than we do
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The Scientific Method
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Research Strategies Comparing Research Methods Research Method Basic Purpose How Conducted What is Manipulated Descriptive To observe and Case studies, surveys, Nothing record behavior and naturalistic observations Correlational To detect naturally Computing statistical Nothing occurring relationships; association, sometimes to assess how well among survey one variable predicts responses Experimental To explore cause Manipulating one or Independent and effect more factors and using variable(s) random assignment to eliminate preexisting differences among subjects
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Ch. 1.ppt - F07 - Thinking Critically with Psychological...

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