10_The Eve of the Reformation

10_The Eve of the Reformation - The Eve of the Reformation...

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The Eve of the Reformation Ockham, Wycliffe, Hus
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Challenging the Medieval Synthesis Faith and Reason Anselm Demonstration of the logic inherent in Christian belief Aquinas Two realms of knowledge – Reason and Revelation Some things only known by revelation (e.g., Trinity) Reason never contradicts revealed truths
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Rise of nominalism No universals only the particular exists Natural signs : ideas we fabricate or images in our mind Conventional signs : linguistic expressions given to the natural signs based upon common cultural agreement. Thus universal ideas are only mental constructions. There is no independent reality. We only have knowledge of particular things not of abstract forms. Shift from discovering how God acts reasonably to God acting for His Own reasons. Emphasis on believing what is revealed, even if it is not reasonable. Emphasis upon God’s unlimited power to act outside the limits of human rationality.
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Consequences God has not given humanity an eternal order to discover in the universe but has left humans to shape the created order. Undercut the powers of the institutional Church because they no longer have their authority by divine right but by humans granting it to them by collective agreement.
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10_The Eve of the Reformation - The Eve of the Reformation...

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