7_Augustine

7_Augustine - Augustine(354-430 Life as a Manichean The...

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Augustine (354-430)
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Life as a Manichean: The Rejection of  Religious Dogmatic Authority Born in N. Africa to a pagan father and Christian  mother (Monica) Given a classical education and was trained in  rhetoric to become a lawyer For the time being, he had taken a concubine for  a partner and fathered one son with her. Read Cicero’s  Hortensius  and was aroused to  the pursuit of philosophy and shortly, thereafter,  joined the Manicheans.
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Manicheism Founded by Mani (216-277) Attempted to answer the question of the origin of evil Radically Dualistic Two great eternal forces or substances, light (good) and darkness  (evil), equal in power and forever opposed to one another in a cosmic  struggle The  attack  of the “Kingdom of Darkness” on the “Kingdom of Light”  brought forth this created existence where the conflict continues. Humans must gain knowledge of this conflict in order to free the “light”  within them from their created existence which seeks to keep the light  entrapped. Promoted ascetic lifestyle No sense of guilt  and  responsibility  because the real self was  essentially good.  The evil arising from this material and passion- filled existence assaults the good self entrapped in this material  existence.  Optimistic : assuming that no awoken person would fail to set out to  liberate his/her own soul.
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7_Augustine - Augustine(354-430 Life as a Manichean The...

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