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Unformatted text preview: Second Generation Heresy A major theological issue that the first generation of Christians faced was the relationship between Jews and Gentiles in the church. After the apostles died heresy (wrong belief) still needed to be addressed in the church. Different techniques were used to enable the apostles to speak or defend against heresy that arose in the church among a second generation of Christians. Colossians Pastorals 2 Peter 1 John Appeals to tradition in the form of a hymn (1:15-20) Appeals to the principle of succession (2 Tim 2:1-2) Employs a farewell speech Appeals to two beginnings Techniques of Extending the Apostles' Authority into the Second Generation of Christians 2 Peter
Components of a Farewell Speech Given by a noteworthy figure who is about to die
(1:13-14) Addresses his primary community
(1:1; 3:15-16 [Pauline?]) Gives predictions about what will happen
(2:1-3) Exhorts the community about how to behave
(3:11-14) How does 2 Peter get apostolic authority into the generation after Peter's death? Peter prophetically addresses the circumstances of the present community (cf. 2:1-3; 3:2-3; 3:17) 1 John
Order: 2 John-1 John-3 John The heretics in the church: Separationists or Docetic Libertine (believe themselves to be free from moral law) Separationists
Christological Heresy Two-types
Doceticism 2 John 7 / 1 John 1:3; 4:1-3 1 John 2:22; 5:1; 5:6 Cerinthus
Christ Christ Separationism / adoptionism Jesus-Christ Jesus In 2 Peter the opponents are libertine but reject an orthodox eschatology Ethical Heresy Libertinism
1 John 1:8 In the Pastorals doceticism led to asceticism A Failure to practice love
1 John 3:17 Johannine Defense Against Heresy Appeal to Two Beginnings (arch)
In the ancient world: What is first is best What is first is the ideal paradigm for what follows The Two Beginnings in 1 John What the Christian were taught at baptism / initiation (1 John 2:20-24; 2:7) Appeals to the first witnesses at the beginning of the Christian movement (1 John 1:1-5) ...
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- Spring '08