ch 4 dev 1305 F07

ch 4 dev 1305 F07 - Chapter 4: The Developing Person...

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Chapter 4: The Developing Person Developmental Psychology     a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change  a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive and social change  throughout the life span throughout the life span
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Cognitive Development Cognitive Development Cognition mental activities associated with  thinking, knowing, and remembering Schema a concept or framework that organizes  and interprets information
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Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Each stage is characterized by specific ways of  thinking. Develop by actively interacting with the  environment.  Schemas  grow and are created by the process  of  assimilation  and  accommodation .
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Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Assimilation interpreting one’s new experience in terms of one’s  existing schemas Ex: doggie = all four legged creatures Accommodation adapting one’s current understandings (schemas) to  incorporate new information Ex: doggie is too broad, must change schema of  doggie to create new schemas for cats, cows, etc.
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Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor stage Birth to approx. 2 years old  mouthing Characterized by: Stranger anxiety The development of object permanence
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Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development QuickTime™ and a GIF decompressor are needed to see this picture. Object Permanence the awareness that things continue to exist even when not  perceived
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Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development Preoperational stage 2 to 6 years old  Represent things with words and images but lack  logical reasoning Characterized by: Language development Pretend play Egocentrism Think unidimensionally Lack conservation
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ch 4 dev 1305 F07 - Chapter 4: The Developing Person...

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