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Unformatted text preview: solving Confirmation Bias tendency to search for information that confirms one's preconceptions Fixation inability to see a problem from a new perspective impediment to problem solving The Matchstick Problem How would you arrange six matches to form four equilateral triangles? The Matchstick Problem Solution to the matchstick problem The Candle-Mounting Problem Using these materials, how would you mount the candle on a bulletin board? The Candle-Mounting Problem Solving this problem requires recognizing that a box need not always serve as a container Thinking Mental Set tendency to approach a problem in a particular way to perceive the functions of objects as fixed and unchanging Functional Fixation Tendency Representativeness Heuristic
rule of thumb for judging the likelihood of things in terms of how well they seem to represent, or match, particular prototypes If you meet a slim, short, man who wears glasses and Probability that that person is a truck driver is far greater likes poetry, what do you think his profession would be? than an ivy league professor just because th...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course PSY 1305 taught by Professor Rowatt during the Fall '07 term at Baylor.
- Fall '07
- Cognitive Psychology