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Unformatted text preview: Paul's View on the Lord's Supper
1 Cor 10:1-22 The Spiritual Significance 1 Cor 11:17-34 The Social Significance 1 Cor 10:1-22 The Spiritual Significance of the LS Context of the Passage: 8:1-11:1
A 8:1-13 Two Issues B 9:1-23 Examples B' 9:24-10:13 Examples A' 10:14-11:1 Two Issues Two Issues (8:1-13) Eating food offered to idols (8:1, 4)
A result of public sacrifices COULD A CHRISTIAN BUY AND EAT SUCH MEAT? Eating in a pagan temple celebration (8:10)
Associated with private sacrifices Oxy. 110: "Chaemron invites you to dine at a banquet of Lord Serapis in the Serapeum tomorrow" COULD A CHRISTIAN PARTICIPATE IN SUCH BANQUETS? 1 Cor 10:1-22 focuses on the second issue. PROBLEM: Non-ethical sacramentalism. Participating in baptism and the Lord's Supper protects a Christian so that they can participate in sacramental meals to idols. 10:1-13 Negative Example of the Israelites 1-6 Experiences and privileges of the Israelites in the wilderness.
"Baptized" "Ate supernatural food and drink" 7-11 Warnings against four transgressions
Idolatry Sexual Immorality Faithlessness Grumbling Conclusion: Participation in the experiences and privileges in the wilderness did not shield the Israelites from the consequences of their idolatry, immorality, and rebellion. 10:14-22 Why Eating at the sacramental meal of an idol is not a spiritually neutral act. 16-17 Inference from participation in the LS: A Christian sacramental meal establishes an intimate relationship among those who participate in it and Christ honored through it. Inference from Israelite practice: 18 Philo sacrifices offered makes the worshippers "partners in the altar and of one table with it." Exod 24:5-11 19-20 What is inferred from participation in pagan sacramental meals? A sacral meal: (1) forges a bond among participants and (2) forges a link between participants and the deity honored. Paul understands the spiritual forces behind pagan idolatry to be demons. Therefore to participate in such pagan sacral meals is to be spiritually bonded to DEMONS and thus commit IDOLATRY. Conclusion (21-22) Participation in pagan sacral meals endangers the Christian's own spiritual life Participation in pagan sacral meals constitutes idolatry and union with the demonic thus arousing God's judgment. Participation in the LS and baptism does not shield the believer from the spiritual dangers of participating in pagan sacral feasts. Paul appeals to the negative example of the Israelites to combat the Corinthians' overconfidence (slogans 8:1b, 8:4-6, 8:8a) 1 Cor 11:17-34 Social Significance of the LS Context: belongs to a larger section on instructions for worship (11:2-14:40) 11:17-22 (an inclusion ABCA') v. 17a "I do not commend you"
vv. 17b-22a Two Indictments 17b-19 20-22a v. 22b "I do not commend you" Two Indictments 17b-19: Divisions Learned from an oral report Deduced from divine necessity ANCIENT DINING CUSTOMS 20-22a: They are not eating the LS atrium What was eaten? Guests brought their own meals. Plutarch: "Where each guest has his own private portion, fellowship perishes." Roman custom served different types of food to different categories of guests Where did they eat? A typical well-to-do home had dining room that seated 9 (wealthy, prestigious) and an atrium that seated 40 (slaves, clientele) When did they eat? Wealthy arrived and were served first then the rest came and were served what was left. PROBLEM Cultural norms were taking precedence over Christian distinctives at the meal. The Corinthian Christians were participating in a real meal with a religious purpose (i.e., Lord's Supper) but were conducting it according to ancient dining practices. By doing such, they were creating divisions in the church by distinguishing between people according to status. (cf. Gal 3:27-28) Basis of Paul's Critique (11:23-26) Paul had given the Corinthians a tradition for observing the LS. Corinthians were not eating the sacral meal in Jesus' remembrance but were eating as if it were their own meal. Solution (11:27-34) Discern that the church is Christ's body and Christian unity is established through Christ's sacrifice. To eat and drink unworthily is to treat the LS as one's own supper. Wait for one another and eat at home. This was the first step in transforming participation in a real meal into a pure liturgical celebration. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course REL 1310 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '08 term at Baylor.
- Spring '08