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Unformatted text preview: Friedrich Schleiermacher
Father of Protestant Liberalism and Modern Theology Romanticism 19th century phenomenon Reaction against the Enlightenment rationalism Emphasized: Intuition over reason, imagination, and feeling The natural goodness of humanity Society is the corruptor of the individual Protestant Liberalism Committed to bridging the gap between the Christian faith and modern knowledge. Traditional Christian beliefs in light of what has become known about the world were either: Abandoned Reinterpreted Method: Christian faith is NOT grounded in biblical revelation or Church tradition BUT in common human experience. Emphasis on: Progress of human development. Optimistic about human potential. Ethics over propositional/ontological truth claims. Openness to the views of others. Schleiermacher (1768-1834) Books: On Religion, Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers The Christian Faith What is religion? 3 faculties of human existence: (1) feeling, (2) thinking, (3) acting Religion is essentially feeling Religion is antecedent to beliefs and dogmas which are only second order reflections on religion. Religion arises from a specific feeling: the feeling of absolute dependence. This state of dependence can be traced back to God. Thus it is dependence on God. Our knowledge of God is "felt relationship." Religion defined in this way avoids conflict with the natural and historical sciences because these are not the realms of Christian faith. Christian faith does not pursue the truth of Christianity but its historic expression of "God-consciousness" in a community of believers. Other Religions and the Uniqueness of Christianity for Schleiermacher Humanity, however, does not have RELIGION but religions. This feeling of absolute dependence is common to all religions. Each religion has given varying expressions to the feeling. Not all religions are equal. Christianity is the highest and best expression of this feeling. Christianity restores full God-consciousness. Theological Method Christian dogma provides an imperfect historic expression of Christian religious affections set forth in speech. Doctrine of God Attributes of God derived from this feeling of dependence Two primary ways of apprehending our dependence on God: Through our experience of the totality of the world We are temporal. God is eternal. We are powerless. God is omnipotent. Through our experience of being conscious of sin and redemption Our sense of sin means God is righteous. Our sense of redemption means God is love. Note on the Trinity: no affections give rise to this Christian doctrine. It is an intellectual creation. Doctrine of Sin Weakening of our "God-consciousness" by our lower natures. Weakening comes from our daily involvement with finite objects that impairs our God-consciousness. Original Sin The narrative of the Fall is NOT historical but a narrative of the possibility in every person. Our sinfulness is derived from being born into the common life of sinful humanity. We embrace sin from the beginning because this is all we know. Thus sinfulness has its ground outside the individual. Emphasizes the corporate dimension of sin. Doctrine of Christ and Redemption Jesus is the archetype of full human nature. He was always God-conscious and therefore sinless. Reinterpreted the historic Chalcedonian Christology of the Church. Jesus is the redeemer of humanity. Jesus imparts his God-consciousness to us. Thus he produces a new corporate life of full God-consciousness, i.e., the Church. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/14/2008 for the course REL 1350 taught by Professor Holleyman during the Spring '07 term at Baylor.
- Spring '07