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Religion, Culture & Modernity

Religion, Culture & Modernity - Religion Culture...

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Religion, Culture & Modernity The “Fallen/Material Worldview” of Abrahamic Religions (and Western Science) in a Globalized America
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Some Context for Defining Religion Re+ligare (L.) to re-connect (with sacred) Social science definitions based on secular, materialist/modernist world view Non-western/indigenous sacred world views based on knowledge systems/sciences of cultures that never “de-ligio-ed” “Primal religions,” “implicit religions,” “co- extensive religions: how social sciences define sacred-worldview cultures
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Definitions of Religion Anthropology— characteristics (not definition, Warms, McGee, Garmer) of religions , to include indigenous WVs: Composed of Stories Have Nonempirical/supramundane/s’natural realms Involve Symbols Practice involves Rituals Have clerics/practitioners (whether roles for few or all) Involve experiences (w/real impact) of altered states Practices change over time
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Sociology defines religion Characterized by two sets of characteristics: 1. Patterns social relationships/status around perceived supramundane power (see anthropological version) 2. Ethical – explains evil (theodicy), shows way to right relationship w/ ultimate (soteriology ). Adds institutional dimension : “Religion. . . Can be considered ‘the individual and social experience of the sacred . .. Manifested in mythologies, rituals, and ethos, and integrated into a collective such as a community or an organization [including politically powerful institution of social control] (cite: CSK, ch 1)
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Context (in U.S.), continued “Protestant heuristic” equates “religion” w/faith in deity/ies (ethnocentric definition) “Buddhist faith” oxymoron “Jewish faith” not core of Judaism Western/enlightenment logic “renders[s] religion and secularity mutually constitutive.” (Jakobsen, KW, 204)
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Abrahamic Religions Judaism Christianity Islam (Old Test.) (Old+New Test.) (Old, New+Koran) Shared androcentric/patriarchal lineage-Sons of Abraham Chain of Being (hierarchal) Fall (physical below spiritual)/good-evil dichotomy: “If you take the woman out of the garden of Eden, the bottom falls out of Christian theology” Eliz. Cady Stanton
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Abrahamic Religious Theism Desacralized/de-ligare-ed physical world is dominion of male human Material/ “fallen”-unsaved world view replaces sacred world view Dominator societies replace gylanic partnership societies (Eisler) “Transcendent” male deity replaces “immanent” sacred female
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