CH 4 - Exam 2 consists of 2 3 4 11 on the 15th...

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Exam 2 consists of 2, 3, 4, 11 on the 15th [email protected] Infancy -newborns are born with a certain number of skills crucial for survival and attachment -within days after birth can differentiate smell (nursing smells of their mom vs. nursing smells of random woman, smell of their feeder) -Reflexes Rooting reflex - touch the baby on one side, it will automatically turn to the touch Sucking reflex - they will suck anything you put in their mouth Startle reflex - a loud noise will make them squirm Social development -begins in infancy, and begins when infants imitate facial expressions -Important in terms of attachment, bc they learn they can get attention. Less likely cry to get attention, make faces -Early psychoanalytic and behavioral theoris thought that babies formed attachment with mothers because of feeding -Harlow's experiment with monkeys demonstrated other important factors in attachment development. -showed that babies need physical contact(comfort) more than feeding to form attachment -By 8 months of age, infants begin to show a strong bond with their parents -there are 2 major types of attachment styles that babies can form -Secure Attachment -anxious when parent leaves -happy when they return
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