reading vocabulary

reading vocabulary - Staying Healthy Behavioral pathogen...

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Staying Healthy Behavioral pathogen – health-compromising behavior or habit. Behavioral immunogen – a health-enhancing behavior or habit. Average life expectancy – number of years the average child born in a given year is likely to live. Life span – oldest age that members of a particular species live under ideal circumstances. In humans, this age is estimated to be between 110 and 113 years. Disability-adjusted life expectancy – number of years of life that a person can expect to spend free from disease or disability. Well year – year of life that is free of any serious health-related problem. Primary prevention – health-enhancing efforts to prevent disease or injury from occurring. Secondary prevention – actions taken to identify and treat an illness or disability early in its course. Tertiary prevention – actions taken to contain damage once a disease or disability has progressed beyond its early stages. Gradient of reinforcement – the principle that immediate rewards and punishments are much more effective than delayed ones. Compliance – patient’s willingness to follow a prescribed regimen of treatment and success in actually doing so. Optimistic bias – tendency of some people to believe that they are less likely to become ill than other adults of their own age and gender. Invincibility fable – irrational belief, common in adolescents, that one is immune to the dangers of engaging in risky behaviors. Health-belief model (HBM) – non-stage theory that identifies three beliefs that influence decision making regarding health behavior: perceived susceptibility to a health threat, perceived severity of the disease or condition, and perceived benefits of and barriers to the behavior. Theory of reasoned action – theory that decision making regarding healthy behavior is shaped by a person’s attitude toward the behavior and his or her motivation to comply with the views of others regarding the behavior in question. Subjective norm – individual’s interpretation of the views of other people regarding a particular health-related behavior. Theory of planned behavior (TPB) – theory that predicts health behavior on the basis of three factors: personal attitude toward the behavior, subjective norm regarding the behavior, and perceived degree of control over the behavior. Behavioral intention (BI) – theories of health behavior, the rational decision to engage in a health-related behavior or to refrain from engaging in the behavior. Prototype/willingness theory (P/W) – decision-making theory that assumes that health behavior is a function of a person’s motivation to engage in that behavior (behavioral willingness) and the social image associated with that behavior (social prototype). Behavioral willingness (BW)
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course PSYC 200 taught by Professor Mancuso during the Fall '06 term at Occidental.

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reading vocabulary - Staying Healthy Behavioral pathogen...

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