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1.“Eric has high values, and John has no values” exemplifies the diversity of individuals. In the overview it says that what we consider appropriate is based on “personal and societal experiences that shape our values” Since everyone’s experiences are different, so are there values. They also take on the values of the groups they belong in, whether it is ethnic or religious. In The section titled “Controversy and Diversity” it states “differences between groups are generalities not universal truths”. So that would mean that the values we have, the values of our group, apply only to us and should not be used or applied to other groups or people. The author of the statement is using his personal value system to judge Eric as being “high value” because he has similar values, and John having different values is seen as no value. The author of the statement is taking his values as a universal truth, when it is not.2.After Communism took over China, there was an almost Puritan like movement, which encouraged sexual repression. This caused many problemsas the population had very little knowledge about the opposite sex, sexual diseases, and even the workings of there own body. The sex shop in China is very different than those in the US. It is not a hub of pornography but rather a place to educate the Chinese in all matters relating to sex. This is leading to more sexual understanding in society and potentially less sexual disorders. Itis government sanctioned, so a conscious effort to lift the repressive attitude of sex in their society. Islamic views have always frowned on sex outside of the marriage, but regarded intercourse in marriage very highly for both men and women. Women are considered very sexual. The Berdache Spirit shows us a society that is very different in their view of what we would call a transsexual. From our text we know that the term opposite sex is used in Western and Eastern civilization, which would indicate that the 2 sexes have nothing in common. In Native American culture it was prevalent that there was a third gender role, one where a person was born to a certain sex put carried on as if they were from the other sex. This gave them qualities of both sexes. Native American’s considered them blessed, as if they were a higher status because they could embody both a man and a woman, something in this culture we would consider deviant.3.The historic perspective of sexual attitudes evolved through time. We know from the bible that sexuality was a profound physical and emotional experience. Physically to propagate the species fast, due to their history of subjugation and slavery. The bible was writings showing how it should be joyful emotionally. Due to Christianity’s development during the end of the Roman Empire, it had a more hardline view on sex. The open sexuality of the Roman Empire polarized early Christians. Around 66 AD, Paul, whose writings are prevalent in the Bible, thought that the ultimate form of worship was celibacy.