Childhood Disorders

Childhood Disorders - Childhood Disorders I...

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Childhood Disorders I) Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) – a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity that is more frequent and severe than what is observed in those at a comparable level of development and causes significant levels of impairment a. Inattention – characterized by the following symptoms i.Failure to give close attention to details ii.Difficulty attention in tasks or play activities iii.Does not seem to listen when spoken to iv.Failure to finish tasks v.Easily distracted by extraneous stimuli (cannot block it out) vi.Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental activity b. Hyperactivity/Impulsivity : i.Fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat ii.Leaves seat when expected to be seated (has to move around) iii.Runs about or climbs excessively (“darting”) iv.Talks excessively v.Blurts out answers or has difficulty waiting their turn (impulsivity) vi.Interrupts or intrudes on others c. Symptoms must be present for at least 6 months and were noticed prior to age 7 d. ADHD occurs in 3 – 7% of the population and is six times more likely in boys e. Causal Factors : i.Neurological – brain damage (trauma or illness) (5% of cases) ii.Structural Abnormalities
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Childhood Disorders - Childhood Disorders I...

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