Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia - Schizophrenia I) Positive Symptoms reflects...

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Schizophrenia I) Positive Symptoms – reflects an excess of normal functions. They are those in which something has been added to a normal repertoire of behavior of experience a. Delusions – erroneous beliefs that usually involve a misinterpretation of perceptions or experiences, which dominate their viewpoints and behavior i.Fixed, false beliefs held with absolute conviction despite all evidence to the contrary ii.Types : 1. Persecutory – an outside person or force is in some way interfering with the individual’s life or wishes them harm 2. Referential – external events have special meaning or refer directly to the individual 3. Grandiose – exaggerated beliefs of one’s own power or importance 4. Somatic – delusional beliefs pertaining to part of the person’s body b. Hallucinations – false perceptions in the absence of real external stimuli i.Most are auditory (occurs in 60% - 70% of cases) ii.Voices keep a running commentary of the individual’s actions, argue about the individual, or order the individual to harm themselves or others iii.Two other kinds are visual and olfactory II) Negative Symptoms – reflects a loss of normal functioning. There is an absence or deficit of behaviors that are normally present in a person’s repertoire a. Affective Flattening – restriction in the experience and expression of emotion i.Person’s face may appear immobile and unresponsive, range of emotional expression is diminished most of the time, though individuals may occasionally show some sign of emotions b. Alogia – restriction in the amount of spontaneous speech and in the information
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSC 150 taught by Professor Greg during the Spring '05 term at CSU Stanislaus.

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Schizophrenia - Schizophrenia I) Positive Symptoms reflects...

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