Chapter 9 - 3-10-04 I) Chapter 9 Psychology and the Courts:...

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3.10.4 Chapter 9 – Psychology and the Courts: Consulting and Testifying I) Court Structure and Jurisdiction a. Jurisdiction – a court’s authority i.Subject-matter Jurisdiction – authority over certain subject of the law, such as divorce, custody, adoption and delinquency matters. ii.Geographical Jurisdiction – authority in a given county or state iii.Limited Jurisdiction – authority over small disputes or with preliminary issues in a major case. iv.General Jurisdiction – authority over a vast array of both simple and complex cases, civil and criminal, cases. v.Appellate Jurisdiction – authority to hear appeals from the decisions of lower courts. b. Dual Court System i.Federal Courts – interpret and apply the U.S. Constitution and Acts of Congress, settle disputes between states or citizens of different states, prosecute persons accused of violating federal criminal laws, and deal with such specialized matters as bankruptcies, copyrights, and patents. 1. Divided into courts with limited and general jurisdiction, and appellate courts which are either intermediate appellate courts or the last resort, the U.S. Supreme Court. ii.State Courts – interpret and apply state constitutions and laws passed by state legislatures. 1. Divided into courts with limited and general jurisdiction a. Lowest to Highest State Courts i.Courts overseen by a justice of the peace or magistrate who presides over minor civil and criminal matters. ii.Municipal courts (traffic, night, or city courts) which typically cannot conduct major civil trials or felony trials. iii.County courts are courts of general jurisdiction. iv.Court of last resort, which is the highest appeal court II) Civil and Criminal Cases a. Civil Case – two or more parties (litigants) approach the legal system, often seeking resolution of a dispute. b.
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Chapter 9 - 3-10-04 I) Chapter 9 Psychology and the Courts:...

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