12 Social Facilitation

12 Social Facilitation - Study Question #3 Person C is...

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Study Question #3 – Person C is taking a course very much like this one—with one exception. Instead of written essay exams, students are required to give oral responses. Students are tested in groups of sex, so there is always an audience for the exam. Use what you learned from the text and discussions in class to discuss the factors that would determine how well a student performs in this type of exam situation . I) Person C’s performance on a task such as this will be determined mostly on the principle of social facilitation. a. This principle relies heavily on one of the main laws of task performance, the Yerkes-Dodson Law, which states that people perform the best under conditions wherein they are moderately aroused. This means that people do the best at a given task when they are neither really bored or so aroused that they get nervous/anxious and can’t really concentrate on the task, but when someone is moderately aroused, interested in the task but not nervous/anxious while doing it. b. When people are overly aroused they often resort back to “dominant” responses, behaviors that are so well-learned that they’re practically automatic. This works out fine in simple tasks or tasks that the person has done a lot, because the correct responses to those tasks have been well-learned and are thus dominant. However, when doing complex or novel tasks those responses which are dominant are not going to be the correct responses, which if a person gets over-aroused while doing them they will resort back to those responses and hinder their own performance. II)
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12 Social Facilitation - Study Question #3 Person C is...

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