Conquest_of_Lisbon_Essay - Hist 259 Professor Hyams...

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Hist 259 Professor Hyams 11/16/08 Conquest of Lisbon “So great a multitude of people was seen steadily filing out through three gates that it  seemed   as   if   all   Spain   had   flowed   together   into   it.” 1     This   excerpt   from   the   De  Expugnatione   Lyxbonensi ,  a   documentation   by  a   priest  by   the   name   of   Raol  on  the  conquest of Lisbon in 1147 A.D., describes the mass exodus of the Muslim inhabitance of  Lisbon from the city after its fall to Christian forces during the beginning years of the  Second Crusade.  This section of the Second Crusade exemplifies the use of the Crusading  idea   by   Christian   monarchs   in   the   Iberian   Peninsula   for   political   gains   as   well   as  illustrating the Crusaders’ desire for glory and great accumulation of wealth.  This is seen  in the goals of both parties (Crusader and Portuguese) and their reasons for carrying out  the siege, their divisions during the siege, and their actions at the end of the siege.  As will  be seen the agendas of each of the individual lords conflicted with one another and  deviated heavily from the idea of their initial Crusading mentality.  The main source of  information   on   the   siege   itself   is   found   in   the   above   mentioned   De   Expugnatione  Lyxbonensi .  There are however, many other sources which deal with the military history  1  Charles David, translator,  De Expugnatione Lyxbonensi  (New York: Columbia University Press, 2001), 179
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of the siege, such as the “Teutonic Source”, as well as the Political happenings and  conversations between the lords, as expressed by letters transmitted between the lords and  sermons given by the priests present during the siege.   There are also multiple records  regarding the political disposition of the several kingdoms and principalities in the Iberian  Peninsula at the time. After receiving news regarding the fall of Edessa, which took place in December  1144, Pope Eugene III issued the  Quantum praedecessores  which was a Crusading Bull  issued in an attempt to bring about the Second Crusade. 2    The first major Crusading  armies   departed   from   Dartmouth,   England   in   1147   and   began   to   sail   south   with  approximately one hundred sixty four ships, destined for the holy land.  This force was  comprised of Anglo-Norman, Flemish, Rhineland, Bolognese, and Scottish troops with  many different lords in charge of their own soldiers.  As the expedition proceeded, poor  weather conditions forced them to dock at multiple ports along the Spanish coast.
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This essay was uploaded on 02/01/2009 for the course HIST 2590 taught by Professor P.hyams during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Conquest_of_Lisbon_Essay - Hist 259 Professor Hyams...

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