Midterm 2 - Study Question 2

Midterm 2 Study - Nice job on SQ#2.on the first section be sure and apply it to the question You have all the information there but it seems

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Unformatted text preview: Nice job on SQ #2...on the first section, be sure and apply it to the question. You have all the information there, but it seems distant from the situation. Study Question #2: In the Stanford Prison Experiment the guards came to exert almost unbelievable influence over the prisoners in a short period of time. How does the information you learned in class and from the text on power and social influence account for the phenomenon? How the guards gained so much power and social influence over the prisoners in such a short time: I) Social influence (when individuals use power to change other’s attitudes or behavior) shows itself in three different ways: a. Compliance – acting in accordance with a direct request. i.Can be either internal (changing one’s internal attitudes as well as external behavior) or external (changing only one’s external behavior, not internal attitudes) ii.Note à internal compliance can be had by insufficient justification dissonance b. Obedience – acting in accordance with a direct order. c. Conformity – yielding to group pressure by changing one’s behavior/attitudes. i.People often conform even without direct pressure just because people like to go along with social norms, what’s expected of them in the given social setting, because when people live up to these norms usually gain rewards, avoid punishments and can avoid the uncertainty and insecurity of not knowing one’s role and obligations in the given group. II) Why we let people influence us: a. Outcome Dependence – people feel dependent in making behavioral/attitudinal decisions on what outcome those actions will have. In a group setting this involves what rewards/punishments a group gives out to those actions. This can be made clear through direct (threats/promises) or indirect (a group making social rewards contingent upon doing what they want)....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSC 3080 taught by Professor Mccreary during the Fall '05 term at CSU Stanislaus.

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