Ethics in Information Technology, Third EditionChapter 1An Overview of EthicsRomana Raf
Lecture 1Chapter 1Ethics in Information Technology,2
ObjectivesEthics in Information Technology,3As you read this chapter, consider the following questions:What is ethics, and why is it important to act according to a code of ethics?Why is business ethics becoming increasingly important?What are organizations doing to improve their business ethics?
Objectives (cont’d.)Ethics in Information Technology,4Why are organizations interested in fostering good business ethics?What approach can you take to ensure ethical decision making?What trends have increased the risk of using information technology in an unethical manner?
What is Ethics?Ethics in Information Technology,5Moral codeSet of rules Establishes boundaries of generally accepted behaviourDifferent rules often have contradictions E.g. Caught friend cheating? Personal privacy?MoralitySocial conventions about right and wrongWidely sharedForm basis for an established consensus
What is Ethics? (cont’d.)Ethics in Information Technology,6Morality may vary by:AgeCultural groupEthnic backgroundReligionLife experiencesEducationGender
Definition of EthicsEthics in Information Technology,7EthicsSet of beliefs about right and wrong behaviorVirtuesHabits that incline people to do what is acceptable (fairness, generosity, Loyalty etc)VicesHabits of unacceptable behavior (vanity, Greed, anger, envy etc)Virtues and vices define a personal value systemScheme of moral values
DiscussionsEthics in Information Technology,8Software Privacy?Respecting A women?Treating Rich and poor?Norms defined by religion?Lying?
The Importance of IntegrityEthics in Information Technology,9Integrity is a cornerstone of ethical behaviourPeople with integrity: Act in accordance with a personal code of principlesExtend to all the same respect and considerationApply the same moral standards in all situationsLack of integrity emerges if you apply moral standards differently according to situation or people involvedMany ethical dilemmas are not as simple as right versus wrong
DiscussionsEthics in Information Technology,10Is it ok to lie? (fir Kids? For adults)Is it acceptable to exaggerate your work experience on a résumé? Can you cut corners on a project to meet a tight deadline?To extend to all people the same respect and consideration that you expect to receive from others?Asking for over-time hours payments during budget constraints?
The Difference Between Morals, Ethics, and LawsEthics in Information Technology,11Morals: one’s personal beliefs about right and wrongEthics: standards or codes of behavior expected of an individual by a groupLaw: system of rules that tells us what we can and cannot do