week 1- chap 1 - Ethics in Information Technology Third...

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Ethics in Information Technology, Third Edition Chapter 1 An Overview of Ethics Romana Raf
Lecture 1 Chapter 1 Ethics in Information Technology, 2
Objectives Ethics in Information Technology, 3 As you read this chapter, consider the following questions: What is ethics, and why is it important to act according to a code of ethics? Why is business ethics becoming increasingly important? What are organizations doing to improve their business ethics?
Objectives (cont’d.) Ethics in Information Technology, 4 Why are organizations interested in fostering good business ethics? What approach can you take to ensure ethical decision making? What trends have increased the risk of using information technology in an unethical manner?
What is Ethics? Ethics in Information Technology, 5 Moral code Set of rules Establishes boundaries of generally accepted behaviour Different rules often have contradictions E.g. Caught friend cheating? Personal privacy? Morality Social conventions about right and wrong Widely shared Form basis for an established consensus
What is Ethics? (cont’d.) Ethics in Information Technology, 6 Morality may vary by: Age Cultural group Ethnic background Religion Life experiences Education Gender
Definition of Ethics Ethics in Information Technology, 7 Ethics Set of beliefs about right and wrong behavior Virtues Habits that incline people to do what is acceptable (fairness, generosity, Loyalty etc) Vices Habits of unacceptable behavior (vanity, Greed, anger, envy etc) Virtues and vices define a personal value system Scheme of moral values
Discussions Ethics in Information Technology, 8 Software Privacy? Respecting A women? Treating Rich and poor? Norms defined by religion? Lying?
The Importance of Integrity Ethics in Information Technology, 9 Integrity is a cornerstone of ethical behaviour People with integrity: Act in accordance with a personal code of principles Extend to all the same respect and consideration Apply the same moral standards in all situations Lack of integrity emerges if you apply moral standards differently according to situation or people involved Many ethical dilemmas are not as simple as right versus wrong
Discussions Ethics in Information Technology, 10 Is it ok to lie? (fir Kids? For adults) Is it acceptable to exaggerate your work experience on a résumé? Can you cut corners on a project to meet a tight deadline? To extend to all people the same respect and consideration that you expect to receive from others? Asking for over-time hours payments during budget constraints?
The Difference Between Morals, Ethics, and Laws Ethics in Information Technology, 11 Morals : one’s personal beliefs about right and wrong Ethics : standards or codes of behavior expected of an individual by a group Law : system of rules that tells us what we can and cannot do

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