AHIST Midterm notes - Nana Ito AHIST Midterm notes Session...

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Nana Ito AHIST Midterm notes Session 2: Art and National Identity: from Romanticism to Realism Knowledge (stable, static, fixed, passively learned, final answer) versus Understanding  (dynamic, process, actively achieved, contingent answer) Ideal viewer (“blackest” personal history) and Contingent viewer (personal experience) Structure of Viewing: Viewer, Artwork, Context What is AHIST? – Studying the visual culture  in our society Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, 1936 Assignment from government to give visual form to people in USA during the great  depression. Style: Documentary photograph What is the family structure? Social situation? Iconographic – Western art’s emphasis (Mary, Jesus) Balance between a particular in the guides of the universal Session 3: “How the Other Half Lives”: Social Reform Photography Paul Strand : m pay attention to the limitations and the potential of the usage of a photographic  medium Lewis H.: Photography was his means of teaching his pupils about life in NYC, particularly the  immigrants at Ellis Island “Social Reform”: Art can create and reflect identity and nationhood Types of Photography o Pictures of Native Americans to let us remember/document our national history o Pictorial Photography: photography treated as fine art, has  mood/feeling/narrative o Straight photography: just the facts, realism, realistic art National identity has to be tied with daily life o Urban Realism: democratic, Neo-Platonism: Ideal of democracy Progressivism: moral responsibility for citizens to help others that our living in poverty Photography: fine art to a tool, shows reality (like Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle Jacob Riis, Five Cents Lodging, 1889 Make people aware of inequality, question citizenship, sympathy He uses invasive methods, very separated from subject, surprise Book How the Other half lives  (audience – top half) Lewis Hine, Girl in Factory, 1911 “Girl” is not particular, the far away vanishing point 1
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Session 4: The Armory Show Teddy Roosevelt: Didn't like the innovative exhibition and said that it lacked the “commonplace”. Duchamp’s fountain: Avant-guard art – picture of a urinal The Armory Show: 1. Urban Realists 2. Modern European art (2/3 American work, 1/3 European) 3. Stieglitz (showed French modernist art work before anyone else @ gallery 291) and  Strand (Stieglitz) They took photographs of industrialization  Different sense of cross, geometric shape/poles Camera angle (looking down), still can see recession of space (Strand) considered as first modern photographer
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