Students in Grades 7, 8, and 9 can be characterized as learners who are enthusiastic, impressionable, and
They are developing an interest in personal, national, and global issues and are beginning to
see clearer connections between themselves and people and events around the world.
In the seventh grade, students express curiosity about how society works and the role they play in their
community and the world.
They question the balance and differences between rights and responsibilities.
They are interested in distant places, their locations, and environments.
These issues and others are
explored in two one-semester courses in Grade 7.
The Citizenship course addresses democracy; liberty;
law; personal economics; and local, state, and national civic responsibility.
The Geography course
addresses physical geography of the world and cultural geography of the Eastern Hemisphere.
In Grades 8 and 9, students are engaged in a two-year sequence of courses involving the chronological
history of the world.
These courses incorporate the strands of economics, geography, history, and
political science with an emphasis on the history and geography strands.
The content of these courses
emphasizes the knowledge and skills necessary for developing a geographic perspective of the world and
its people and events.
Geography is a strong component of the content for these grades, as students are
required to become knowledgeable about the development and diffusion of civilization.
geographic tools and technologies to pose and answer questions about spatial distribution and patterns on
Earth, use mental maps to answer questions, and compare and map dominant land-use patterns.
Effective teachers utilize a variety of classroom instructional techniques and assessment strategies.
classroom environment, activities, assignments, and assessments foster the skills of acquiring information
and manipulating data; developing and presenting policies, arguments, and stories; constructing new
knowledge; and participating in groups.
Technology is used as a component of instruction to enable
students to compete in a rapidly changing world.
Internet access, computer software, videos, and
television programs provide opportunities for students to explore historical as well as geographic
Because understanding contemporary events and relating them to the past are essential to any
social studies course, current events is a vital component of the social studies content for Grades 7
Alabama Course of Study: